One of the oldest parts of Antalya and the central point. The Pergamon King Attalos founded Antalya, and it is believed that the name of the city derives from Attalos. Antalya lies along the Mediterranean Sea and is situated in southern Turkey. It has always been a significant port city and a harbor for sailors throughout history. The Turkish Empire Seljuks made Antalya the winter capital city rather than Konya. The Seljuks built defense walls all around the city, and they still can be seen today. Within the old city, there are many ancient Turkish houses with “cumba” an oriel window. The old townhouses some other historical remaining, such as; The Hadrian Gate, built by the Romans on behalf of Emperor Hadrian upon his visit to Antalya I 130 AD. The gate has three arches and corinthian style. Hıdırlık Tower, built-in 2C AD by the Romans and is located on the southwest of the Old Town, by the cliffs’ dominating spot. Tower has a small room on the first floor, and in the upper gallery, there is an observation spot where they could follow the ships or any reaching invasion to the city. The Clock Tower, once Antalya surrounded by a defense wall, but there is a small part that exists today. They renovated the last part of the defense wall and added a clock in honor of Sultan Abdulhamid to celebrate the 25th anniversary of his ascent to the throne. While walking down to the water, the ancient port is coming where we stop for a while and rest while following the ships and breathing Mediterranean fresh air.
The Konyaaltı Beach has located in western Antalya and 10 km. from the city center. In ancient times, the beach was in Lycia civilization, and the ancient name was Olbia. Today, Konyaaltı Beach is one of the most popular beaches in Turkey and the Mediterranean Sea. With many resort hotels, bars, cafes and water sports, the beach attract the visitor.
You can book Antalya Old City Tour with Romos Travel.
Myra was founded during the Hellenistic period as part of the Lycian Union, and since it was one of the 6 biggest cities, it was eligible to give 3 votes. Myra is also where St. Nicholas had been lived and died, who also known as “Santa Claus.” Saint Nicholas was born in 300 AD in Patara, then moved to Myra, where he was a bishop. There is a church on behalf of his name where he is buried. Saint Nicholas is known as the protector of the kids and the sailor. Saint Nicholas died on 6 December 365 AD when he was 65.
Since Myra was a harbour city, the wealthy people came from all over the Mediterranean and made it a vibrant and cultural city. You can see typical Lycian architecture in Myra, the rock tombs carved on the cliffs and built the Roman theatre. After the Arab raids, Myra lost its importance, and in the following centuries, Myra passed to the Ottoman Empire.
Although Pilinius in 1C AD first mentioned Simena, it dates back to 4C BC, where we learn from Lycian inscriptions and silver coins. Simena was part of the Lycian Union and was represented the city Aperlai.
After Anatolia became part of the Roman Empire, Simena sustained its independence. When approaching the shore, a Roman bath comes first, which was built in 79 BC. Lycian cities are famous for the rock tombs and sarcophaguses, which you can see in Simena.
The Lycians built a theater that has a 300 person capacity and a temple which was converted into a church, later a mosque. Most of the sarcophaguses are in the water.