Avanos is the most historical town in Cappadocia where Daily life continues. According to the last researches, the history of Avanos dates back to Hittites that the town was firstly named “Zuwinasa,” which means the land of earthenware.
The oldest functioning building is Alaaddin Mosque which the Seljuk Sultan Alaaddin Keykubat built-in 1202. Avanos is settled near the longest river of Turkey, which is called Kızılırmak (Red River). The river was called “Marassantia” by the Hittites, “Halys” by the Romans. Avanos houses the best pottery and earthenware makers in Turkey.
Located in the Cappadocia region of Central Anatolia, Turkey, 18 km (11 mi) north of the provincial capital of Nevşehir is the town and district of Avanos. As recently as 2011, approximately 16,000 people called Avanos townhomes. Once called Venessa, modern-day Avanos is located on the banks of Turkey’s longest river, the Kzlrmak (Red River), also known as the ancient Halys.
The average elevation of the district is 920 meters, and its total area is 994 kilometers squared (384 square miles) (3,018 ft). The highest point is Mt. Smail Sivrisi, which stands at 1,756 meters (5,761 feet).
As far back as the Hittite Empire, pottery has been made in Avanos using the red sand from the Kzlrmak River. The town’s historic core and riverside setting make it a popular vacation spot.
Avanos, like the rest of Cappadocia, experiences a harsh continental climate with hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters.
The History of Avanos
Many of the many pottery businesses in Old Avanos are located in a network of underground “cities,” which may have once been homes. Although there is no written proof of when these structures were hewn from the ground, it is likely that some of them were started during the Hittite era.
According to Strabo, in antiquity, Avanos was known as Venessa and was the third most important town in the Kingdom of Cappadocia (332 BC–17 AD). However, there are no relics of the once-great Zeus temple that once stood there. A large Christian population lived in Avanos during Roman and Byzantine times, and they carved the Dereyamanl Kilisesi church into the rock. In a rare occurrence, this is occasionally used even now.
Many magnificent stone houses, most likely constructed by the now-extinct Greek and Armenian populations, stand as the most prominent physical reminders of Avanos’ rich past. These residences are situated on the northern bank of the river, in the city’s historical district. Avanos grew rapidly in the early 2000s, and after 2010, there was a lot of new construction on the southern bank of the river, which had been extensively landscaped and developed for recreational purposes.